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9 Things You Should Know About Down Syndrome – Reblog Gospel Coalition

JOE CARTER | 8:38 AM CT

9 Things You Should Know About Down Syndrome (original post)

October is Down Syndrome Awareness Month. Here are nine things you should know about the condition.

Down syndrome

1. Down syndrome occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome.

2. Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. The Centers for Disease Control in 2011 estimated the frequency of Down syndrome in the U.S. is 1 in 691 live births

3. Down syndrome is named after the English doctor, John Langdon Down, who was the first to categorize the common features of people with the condition.

4. A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Every person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees or not at all.

5. People with Down syndrome are significantly predisposed to certain medical conditions including congenital heart defects, sleep apnea, and Alzheimer’s disease. There is also evidence of an increased risk of celiac disease, autism, childhood leukemia, and seizures. It is rare for a person with Down syndrome to have a solid tumor cancer or cardiovascular disease, including heart attack and stroke.

6. Life expectancy for people with Down syndrome has increased dramatically in recent decades – from 25 in 1983 to 60 today. The dramatic increase to 60 years is largely due to the end of the practice of institutionalizing people with Down syndrome.

7. All people with Down syndrome experience cognitive delays, but the effect is usually mild to moderate and is not indicative of the many strengths and talents that each individual possesses.

8. Approximately 67% of prenatal diagnoses for Down syndrome result in an abortion, according to estimated pregnancy termination rates from 1995-2011.

9. Mothers of individuals with Down syndrome typically exhibit better psychological well-being profiles in comparison to mothers of individuals with other intellectual and developmental disabilities. There is extensive evidence that mothers of young children with Down syndrome experience lower levels of stress, more extensive and satisfying networks of social support, less pessimism about their children’s future, and they perceive their children to have less difficult temperaments. A major study also found that divorce rates were lower (7.6 percent) for families of children with Down syndrome as compared to 10.8 percent in the population group with non-disabled children and 11.25 percent for families of children with other congenital birth defects.

See also: Down Syndrome Resources For New and Expecting Parents

[Image credit: Noah's Dad]

4 comments on “9 Things You Should Know About Down Syndrome – Reblog Gospel Coalition

  1. joseph elon lillie
    October 25, 2013

    Thank you! Having worked and lived with several Down’s individuals it is important for people to know these facts. It is even more important for people to realize that each individual with Downs is an individual soul and life with a unique personality. Each man or woman with Downs I have known has blessed and impacted me in a way only they could have. I am a better man for having known my friends with downs

    • abcinsc
      October 25, 2013

      You are most welcome.

  2. You’d enjoy a blog on Parenting/Down Syndrome written by Amy Julia Becker, at http://www.patheos.com/blogs/thinplaces. She’s written an honest, heartwarming book, “A Good and Perfect Gift.” You may remember her from PCOG.

    • abcinsc
      October 25, 2013

      Thank you, Roberta. God bless.

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This entry was posted on October 25, 2013 by in Life around the World, Life in America, Life in Christ and tagged , .

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